An excitatory projection from the basal forebrain to the ventral tegmental area that underlies anorexia-like phenotypes

Cai, J.; Jiang, Y.; Xu, Y.; Jiang, Z.; Young, C.; Li, H.; Ortiz-Guzman, J.; Zhuo, Y.; Li, Y.; Xu, Y.; Arenkiel, B.R. ✉; Tong, Q. ✉

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: NEURON 0896-6273 1097-4199 112 (3) pp. 458-472.e6 2024
  • SJR Scopus - Neuroscience (miscellaneous): D1
Maladaptation in balancing internal energy needs and external threat cues may result in eating disorders. However, brain mechanisms underlying such maladaptations remain elusive. Here, we identified that the basal forebrain (BF) sends glutamatergic projections to glutamatergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) in mice. Glutamatergic neurons in both regions displayed correlated responses to various stressors. Notably, in vivo manipulation of BF terminals in the VTA revealed that the glutamatergic BF → VTA circuit reduces appetite, increases locomotion, and elicits avoidance. Consistently, activation of VTA glutamatergic neurons reduced body weight, blunted food motivation, and caused hyperactivity with behavioral signs of anxiety, all hallmarks of typical anorexia symptoms. Importantly, activation of BF glutamatergic terminals in the VTA reduced dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. Collectively, our results point to overactivation of the glutamatergic BF → VTA circuit as a potential cause of anorexia-like phenotypes involving reduced dopamine release. © 2023 Elsevier Inc.
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2024-07-14 07:20