The surface urban heat island effect decreases bird diversity in Chinese cities

Cai, Zhizheng; La Sorte, Frank A.; Chen, Yu; Wu, Jiayu ✉

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 0048-9697 1879-1026 902 Paper: 166200 , 11 p. 2023
  • X. Földtudományok Osztálya: A
  • SJR Scopus - Environmental Engineering: D1
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
  • Föld- és kapcsolódó környezettudományok
The audiovisual experience of observing birds in cities provides numerous benefits to residents, but their diversity is endangered by urbanization. Although the magnitude of the surface urban heat island effect (hereafter SUHI) has grown in recent years, its impact on bird diversity has not been adequately investigated. Here, we calculate the SUHI in 336 Chinese cities and we document the implications of the SUHI for avian species richness and functional diversity during the 2001, 2011, and 2019 breeding and non-breeding seasons. We predict that the SUHI will result in greater species richness and functional diversity in urban areas during the non-breeding season, especially for cities located within colder regions of China where the SUHI is more likely to relax thermoregulatory costs and reduce the propensity of some species to migrate. We predict that the SUHI will result in decreased species richness and functional diversity during the breeding season due to increased physiological stress, especially for cities located within warmer regions of China. Our findings showed that the SUHI was associated with lower species richness and lower functional diversity of birds in urban areas compared to suburban areas during both the breeding and non-breeding seasons. These results suggest that the SUHI induced birds to avoid urban areas or to move to cooler suburban areas during both the breeding and non-breeding seasons. This effect persisted irrespective of a city's size or geographical location. Our findings suggest that the SUHI is degrading bird diversity in Chinese cities.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2024-05-28 16:30