Facial emotion recognition deficits and alexithymia in borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic personality disorders.

Ritzl, A; Csukly, G [Csukly, Gábor (Pszichiátria), szerző] Pszichiátriai és Pszichoterápiás Klinika (SE / AOK / K); Balazs, K; Egerhazi, A [Égerházi, Anikó (Pszichiátria), szerző]

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 0165-1781 270 pp. 154-159 2018
  • SJR Scopus - Psychiatry and Mental Health: Q1
Azonosítók
Previous studies that aimed to support emotion recognition deficits and alexithymia in B cluster personality disorders have mainly focused on borderline personality disorder (BPD), and resulted in mixed findings. In our study we examine emotion recognition and alexithymia in patients with histrionic (HPD), narcissistic (NPD) and borderline (BPD) personality disorders compared to each other and healthy controls. Furthermore, the possibility is investigated that it is not the type of PD but the severity of psychopathology which predicts the severity of emotion recognition deficits and alexithymia. Patients with HPD, NPD, BPD and healthy controls (N=20 for each group) were examined by using the Ekman 60 Faces Test (FEEST) and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). To measure the extent and severity of psychopathology, the Symptom-Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R) was used. Patient groups performed significantly worse compared to healthy controls on the Ekman test and TAS-20, while we found no significant differences among patient groups in emotion recognition and alexithymia. Furthermore, higher scores on the SCL-90-R predicted poorer emotion recognition performance and higher alexithymic features. The empirical data supports the conclusion that the severity of psychopathology plays an important role in predicting emotion recognition deficits and alexithymia in borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic personality disorders.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2020-09-22 10:10