Recent Urban Issues Related to Particulate Matter in Ploiesti City, Romania

Sanda, Mia; Dunea, Daniel ✉; Iordache, Stefania ✉; Predescu, Laurentiu; Predescu, Mirela; Pohoata, Alin; Onutu, Ion

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: ATMOSPHERE 2073-4433 14 (4) Paper: 746 , 16 p. 2023
  • SJR Scopus - Atmospheric Science: Q2
  • Föld- és kapcsolódó környezettudományok
The present work aimed to assess the ambient levels of air pollution with particulate matter for both mass concentrations and number of particles for various fractions in Ploiesti city during the lockdown period determined by the COVID-19 pandemic (March-June 2020). The PM10 continuously monitored data was retrieved from four air quality automatic stations that are connected to the Romanian National Network for Monitoring Air Quality and located in the city. Because no other information was available for other more dangerous fractions, we used monitoring campaigns employing the Lighthouse 3016 IAQ particle counter near the locations of monitoring stations assessing size-segregated mass fraction concentrations (PM0.5, PM1, PM2.5, PM5, PM10, and TPM) and particle number concentration (differential Delta) range between 0.3 and 10 microns during the specified timeline between 8.00 and 11.00 a.m., which were considered the morning rush hours interval. Interpolation maps estimating the spatial distribution of the mass concentrations of various PM fractions and particle number concentration were drawn using the IDW algorithm in ArcGIS 10.8.2. Regarding the particle count of 0.5 microns during the lockdown, the smallest number was recorded when the restriction of citizens' movement was declared (24 March 2020), which was 5.8-times lower (17,301.3 particles/cm(3)) compared to a common day outside the lockdown period (100,047.3 particles/cm(3)). Similar results were observed for other particle sizes. Regarding the spatial distribution of the mass concentrations, the smaller fractions were higher in the middle of the city and west (PM0.5, PM1, and PM2.5) while the PM10 was more concentrated in the west. These are strongly related to traffic patterns. The analysis is useful to establish the impact of PM and the assessment of urban exposure and better air quality planning. Long-term exposure to PM in conjunction with other dangerous air pollutants in urban aerosols of Ploiesti can lead to potential adverse effects on the population, especially for residents located in the most impacted areas.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2024-03-02 04:15