Structural and functional analyses of a GPCR-inhibited ion channel TRPM3

Zhao, C.; MacKinnon, R. ✉

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: NEURON 0896-6273 1097-4199 111 (1) pp. 81-91.e7 2023
  • SJR Scopus - Neuroscience (miscellaneous): D1
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) govern the physiological response to stimuli by modulating the activity of downstream effectors, including ion channels. TRPM3 is an ion channel inhibited by GPCRs through direct interaction with G protein (Gβγ) released upon their activation. This GPCR-TRPM3 signaling pathway contributes to the analgesic effect of morphine. Here, we characterized Gβγ inhibition of TRPM3 using electrophysiology and single particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). From electrophysiology, we obtained a half inhibition constant (IC50) of ∼240 nM. Using cryo-EM, we determined structures of mouse TRPM3 expressed in human cells with and without Gβγ and with and without PIP2, a lipid required for TRPM3 activity, at resolutions of 2.7–4.7 Å. Gβγ-TRPM3 interfaces vary depending on PIP2 occupancy; however, in all cases, Gβγ appears loosely attached to TRPM3. The IC50 in electrophysiology experiments raises the possibility that additional unknown factors may stabilize the TRPM3-Gβγ complex. © 2022 The Authors
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2023-09-25 22:11