Gut Bacterial Communities Vary across Habitats and Their Diversity Increases with Increasing Glucocorticoids in Toad Tadpoles

Caitlin, R. Gabor; Melissa, Villatoro-Castañeda; Camila, Carlos-Shanley; Nikolett, Ujhegyi [Ujhegyi, Nikolett (vadbiológia, konz...), szerző] Evolúciós Ökológiai Osztály (HRN ATK / NÖVI); Veronika, Bókony [Bókony, Veronika (viselkedésökológi...), szerző] Evolúciós Ökológiai Osztály (HRN ATK / NÖVI)

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: DIVERSITY (BASEL) 1424-2818 15 (1) Paper: 23 , 13 p. 2023
  • SJR Scopus - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous): Q1
The gut microbiome is important for host health and can be influenced by environmental and hormonal changes. We studied the interactions between anthropogenic land use, glucocorticoid hormones, and gut bacterial communities in common toads (Bufo bufo). We sampled tadpoles from ponds of three habitat types (natural, agricultural, and urban ponds), examined gut microbiome composition using amplicon sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, and measured the associated stress physiology using water-borne hormones. Tadpoles from different habitat types significantly differed in bacterial composition. However, bacterial richness, Shannon diversity, and Firmicutes to Bacteroidota ratio did not vary with habitat type. In contrast with other studies, we found a positive correlation between baseline corticosterone release rate and bacterial diversity. Stress response and negative feedback were not significantly correlated with bacterial diversity. These results suggest that, despite alterations in the composition of intestinal bacterial communities due to land-use change, common toad tadpoles in anthropogenic habitats may maintain their physiological health in terms of the “gut-brain axis”.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2024-04-20 22:42