Violated expectations for spatial and feature attributes of visual trajectories modulate event-related potential amplitudes across the visual processing hierarchy

Baker, Kristen S.; Yamamoto, Naohide ✉; Pegna, Alan J.; Johnston, Patrick

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 0301-0511 1873-6246 174 Paper: 108422 , 13 p. 2022
  • SJR Scopus - Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology: Q1
  • Pszichológia
During visual perception, the brain must combine its predictions about what is to be perceived with incoming relevant information. The present study investigated how this process interacts with attention by using event-related potentials that index these cognitive mechanisms. Specifically, this study focused on examining how the amplitudes of the N170, N2pc, and N300 would be modulated by violations of expectations for spatial and featural attributes of visual stimuli. Participants viewed a series of shape stimuli in which a salient shape moved across a set of circular locations so that the trajectory of the shape implied the final position and shape of the stimulus. The final salient stimuli occurred in one of four possible outcomes: predictable position and shape, predictable position but unpredictable shape, unpredictable position but predictable shape, and unpredictable position and shape. The N170 was enhanced by unpredictable positions and shapes, whereas the N300 was enlarged only by unpredictable positions. The N2pc was not modulated by violations of expectations for shapes or positions. Additionally, it was observed post-hoc that the P1pc amplitude was increased by unpredictable shapes. These findings revealed that incorrect prediction increases neural activity. Furthermore, they suggest that prediction and attention interact differently in different stages of visual perception, depending on the type of attention being engaged: The N170 indexes initial prediction error signalling irrespective of the type of information (spatial or featural) in which error occurs, followed by the N300 as a marker of prediction updating involving reorientation of spatial attention.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2023-03-27 21:37