One of the challenges for networks that operate according to traditional protocols
is to solve the limitations of the single interface or the single path. Especially
in mobile phone networks (4G, 5G, and Wi-Fi) and networks that support smart devices,
it is an important question, how to take advantage of network resources or distribute
traffic between paths and choose the alternative path in case the current path fails.
As a result of the rapid development of applications that depend on the multipath
interface, a massive increase in traffic has been occurred. The solutions and algorithms
that were studied and discussed gave realistic and distinct solutions to increase
throughput and reduce delays, which in turn achieves obtaining high-quality data transmission
through multiple paths and thus be able to aggregate resources and reduce blocking
in the network in terms of QoS (Quality of Service), QoE (Quality of Experience),
which allows faster data transfer compared to cases that use a single path. In this
paper, we review a set of technologies that provide multipath services (such as MPT,
MPTCP, MMPTCP, AOMDV, and OAOMDV) which have been designed and proven through researchers'
experiments to be helpful and promising in solving the above problems. Most of these
multipath technologies are in the process of being built