Neuroinflammation in perioperative neurocognitive disorders: From bench to the bedside

Liu, Y.; Fu, H.; Wang, T. ✉

English Survey paper (Journal Article) Scientific
Published: CNS NEUROSCIENCE & THERAPEUTICS 1755-5930 1755-5949 28 (4) Paper: 496 2022
  • SJR Scopus - Pharmacology (medical): Q1
The perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs) are one of the most common complications in elderly patients characterized by various forms of cognitive decline after anesthesia and surgery. Although the etiology for PNDs remained unclear, neuroinflammation has been characterized as one of the major causes, especially in the elderly patients. The activation of glial cells including microglia and astrocytes plays a significant role in the inflammatory responses in central nerve system (CNS). Although carefully designed, clinical studies on PNDs showed controversial results. Meanwhile, preclinical studies provided evidence from various levels, including behavior performance, protein levels, and gene expression. In this review, we summarize high-quality studies and recent advances from both clinical and preclinical studies and provide a broad view from the onset of PNDs to its potential therapeutic targets. Future studies are needed to investigate the signaling pathways in PNDs for prevention and treatment, as well as the relationship of PNDs and future neurocognitive dysfunction. © 2022 The Authors. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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2023-09-29 17:21