A biomimetic "intestinal microvillus" cell sensor based on 3D bioprinting for the detection of wheat allergen gliadin

Jiang, Donglei; Sheng, Kaikai; Jiang, Hui; Wang, Lifeng ✉

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY 1567-5394 1878-562X 142 Paper: 107919 , 9 p. 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Biophysics: Q2
  • Biológiai tudományok
  • Kémiai tudományok
A biomimetic "intestinal microvillus" electrochemical cell sensor based on three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting was developed, which can specifically and accurately detect wheat gliadin. Self-assembled flower-like copper oxide nanoparticles (FCONp) and hydrazide-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-CDH) were innovatively synthesized to improve the sensor performance. A conductive biocomposite hydrogel (bioink) was prepared by mixing FCONp and MWCNT-CDH based on GelMA gel. The cluster-shaped microvillus structure of small intestine was accurately printed on the screen printing electrode with the prepared bioink using stereolithography 3D-bioprinting technology, and then the Rat Basophilic Leukemia cells were immobilized on the gel skeleton. Next, the developed cell sensor was used to effectively detect wheat allergen gliadin. The experimental results show that the bioprinted cell sensor sensitively detects wheat gliadin when the optimized cell numbers and immobilized time are 1 x 10(6) cells/mL and 10 min, respectively. The linear detection range is 0.1-0.8 ng/mL, and the detection limit is 0.036 ng/mL. The electrochemical cell sensor based on 3D printing technology has excellent stability and reproducibility. Thus, a simple and novel electrochemical detection approach for food allergens was established in this study with potential application in food safety detection and evaluation. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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2022-12-04 01:57