A study of the thermal behaviour of exposed karst water systems in a mountainous area of Zigui County, Hubei Province, Central China

Wang, Zejun; Zhou, Hong ✉; Wen, Zhang; Luo, Mingming; Kuang, Ye

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: HYDROGEOLOGY JOURNAL 1431-2174 1435-0157 29 (8) pp. 2821-2835 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous): Q1
  • Föld- és kapcsolódó környezettudományok
Temperature, discharge, and stable isotope ratios of five karst springs in a mountainous area of Zigui County, Hubei Province, Central China, were analyzed. The purpose was to illustrate the heat exchanges linked to circulation depth in the exposed karst water systems through the development of a method for estimating heat input and heat flux during a rainstorm. Meteorological water in the study area conformed to a local meteoric water line (delta D = 8.37 delta O-18 + 12.99) with a mean delta O-18 elevation gradient of -4.0 parts per thousand km(-1), which was used to estimate mean circulation depths of 209-686 m. The mean spring temperatures defined a vertical gradient of -5.4 degrees C km(-1), which resembled that of the stable atmosphere of the Earth, indicating that the thermal response patterns are mainly controlled by surface air temperature. Thermal convection after rainfall events dominated heat exchange between baseflow and recharge water, leading to a warmer and colder recharge during summer and winter, respectively, whereas thermal conduction dominated the heat exchange only between groundwater, surrounding geology, and the interface air under a condition of no rainfall, resulting in only small temperature variations of the baseflow. Successful application of the method for estimating heat exchange showed that the characteristics of shallow circulation, strong karstification, and well-developed epikarst readily allowed disruption of the thermal balance of the Yuquandong system, resulting in a poor heat regulation capacity, a larger variation of heat input, a lower mean heat flux, and lower baseflow temperatures compared to those of the Dayuquan system.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2022-12-09 21:07