Thin-film microfabrication and intraoperative testing of mu ECoG and iEEG depth arrays for sense and stimulation

Sellers, Kristin K. ✉; Chung, Jason E.; Zhou, Jenny; Triplett, Michael G.; Dawes, Heather E.; Haque, Razi; Chang, Edward F.

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF NEURAL ENGINEERING 1741-2560 1741-2552 18 (4) Paper: 045014 , 14 p. 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Biomedical Engineering: Q1
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
    Objective. Intracranial neural recordings and electrical stimulation are tools used in an increasing range of applications, including intraoperative clinical mapping and monitoring, therapeutic neuromodulation, and brain computer interface control and feedback. However, many of these applications suffer from a lack of spatial specificity and localization, both in terms of sensed neural signal and applied stimulation. This stems from limited manufacturing processes of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) arrays unable to accommodate increased channel density, higher channel count, and smaller contact size. Approach. Here, we describe a manufacturing and assembly approach using thin-film microfabrication for 32-channel high density subdural micro-electrocorticography (mu ECoG) surface arrays (contacts 1.2 mm diameter, 2 mm pitch) and intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG) depth arrays (contacts 0.5 mm x 1.5 mm, pitch 0.8 mm x 2.5 mm). Crucially, we tackle the translational hurdle and test these arrays during intraoperative studies conducted in four humans under regulatory approval. Main results. We demonstrate that the higher-density contacts provide additional unique information across the recording span compared to the density of COTS arrays which typically have electrode pitch of 8 mm or greater; 4 mm in case of specially ordered arrays. Our intracranial stimulation study results reveal that refined spatial targeting of stimulation elicits evoked potentials with differing spatial spread. Significance. Thin-film, mu ECoG and iEEG depth arrays offer a promising substrate for advancing a number of clinical and research applications reliant on high-resolution neural sensing and intracranial stimulation.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2022-01-17 21:40