New short cationic antibacterial peptides. Synthesis, biological activity and mechanism of action

Lima, B.; Ricci, M.; Garro, A.; Juhász, T. [Juhász, Tünde (Enzimológia), szerző] Biomolekuláris Önrendeződés (TTK / AKI); Szigyártó, I.C. [Szigyártó, Imola Csilla (Bioszervetlen kémia), szerző] Anyag- és Környezetkémiai Intézet (TTK); Biomolekuláris Önrendeződés (TTK / AKI); Papp, Z.I. [Papp, Ibolya Zita (Természettudomány), szerző] Orvosi Vegytani Intézet (SZTE / SZAOK); Feresin, G.; Garcia, de la Torre J.; Lopez, Cascales J.; Fülöp, L. [Fülöp, Lívia (Neurodegeneratív ...), szerző]; Beke-Somfai, T. ✉ [Beke-Somfai, Tamás (Kémia), szerző] Anyag- és Környezetkémiai Intézet (TTK); Biomolekuláris Önrendeződés (TTK / AKI); Enriz, R.D. ✉

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES 0005-2736 1879-2642 1863 (10) Paper: 183665 , 13 p. 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Biophysics: Q1
Azonosítók
We report a theoretical and experimental study on a new series of small-sized antibacterial peptides. Synthesis and bioassays for these peptides are reported here. In addition, we evaluated different physicochemical parameters that modulate antimicrobial activity (charge, secondary structure, amphipathicity, hydrophobicity and polarity). We also performed molecular dynamic simulations to assess the interaction between these peptides and their molecular target (the membrane). Biophysical characterization of the peptides was carried out with different techniques, such as circular dichroism (CD), linear dichroism (LD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), fluorescence spectroscopy and TEM studies using model systems (liposomes) for mammalian and bacterial membranes. The results of this study allow us to draw important conclusions on three different aspects. Theoretical and experimental results indicate that small-sized peptides have a particular mechanism of action that is different to that of large peptides. These results provide additional support for a previously proposed four-step mechanism of action. The possible pharmacophoric requirement for these small-sized peptides is discussed. Furthermore, our results indicate that a net +4 charge is the adequate for 9 amino acid long peptides to produce antibacterial activity. The information reported here is very important for designing new antibacterial peptides with these structural characteristics. © 2021
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2022-10-02 20:50