Városfejlesztési szakpolitikák terjedése: elméleti megközelítések

Árvai, Anett [Árvai, Anett (városföldrajz), author] ELTE TTK FFI Department of Regional Science (ELTE / ELU FoS)

Hungarian Scientific Article (Journal Article)
Published: TÉR ÉS TÁRSADALOM 0237-7683 2062-9923 35 (2) pp. 69-88 2021
  • Pedagógiai Tudományos Bizottság: A
  • Történettudományi Bizottság: A
  • Demográfiai Osztályközi Állandó Bizottság: A hazai
  • Politikatudományi Bizottság: A hazai
  • Regionális Tudományok Bizottsága: A hazai
  • Szociológiai Tudományos Bizottság: A hazai
  • Állam- és Jogtudományi Bizottság: B hazai
  • Gazdaságtudományi Doktori Minősítő Bizottság: C hazai
    Over the past decades the dissemination of development concepts, programs, strategies and "best" practices across localities has intensified as a result of globalization. Similar policies are often adopted from remarkably different socio-economic urban contexts in ways that the original meaning, philosophical background and policy aims are transformed and tailored to local specificities. The result of this adoption process and the types of adopted policies have a significant impact on the practice of local development and, consequently, on urban development trends. Yet the concept of urban policy mobilities has become recognised by geographical research only after the millennium.The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the concepts and research methods of the diverse approaches within the literature of urban policy mobilities. After a brief definition of urban policies and a summary of their main characteristics, four approaches are discussed in depth: (1) spatial diffusion models, ( 2) communication models and spatial mobility of knowledge, (3) policy-setting theories and the policy cycle, and (4) urban policy mobilities. The paper identifies the analytical strengths and limitations of these approaches in explaining the spread of urban policies to new localities. It pays special attention to the following questions: if urban policy is interpreted as a set of knowledge that can be communicated, how social, cultural, and other filters, along with the intentions of the actors involved, influence the way it gets mobilised? What is the role of personal contacts in the process? Which phases of the policy cycle provide the most space for the acquisition of a new policy? How are these questions affected by time constraints and the acceleration of the policy-making process?As the results of the paper highlight, the mobilisation of urban policies and "best practices" is a process shaped by a large number of actors with different knowledge, interests and motivations. Hence, the mobilisation of a policy depends not only on its success and adaptability, but on the intentions, motivations, and background knowledge of the actors, as well as the local circumstances of urban development.
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    2021-10-22 09:14