Heat therapy improves body composition and muscle function but does not affect capillary or collateral growth in a model of obesity and hindlimb ischemia

Kim, K.; Ro, B.; Damen, F.W.; Gramling, D.P.; Lehr, T.D.; Song, Q.; Goergen, C.J.; Roseguini, B.T. ✉

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY 8750-7587 1522-1601 130 (2) pp. 355-368 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Medicine (miscellaneous): Q1
Heat therapy (HT) has emerged as a potential adjunctive therapy to alleviate the symptoms of peripheral artery disease (PAD), but the mechanisms underlying the positive effects of this treatment modality remain undefined. Using a model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) and ischemia-induced muscle damage, we tested the hypothesis that HT would alter body composition, promote vascular growth and mitochondrial biogenesis, and improve skeletal muscle function. Male DIO C57Bl/6J mice underwent bilateral ligation of the femoral artery and were randomly allocated to receive HT or a control intervention for 30 min daily over 3 wk. When compared with a group of lean, sham-operated animals, ligated DIO mice exhibited increases in body and fat masses, exercise intolerance, and contractile dysfunction of the isolated soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles. Repeated HT averted an increase in body mass induced by high-fat feeding due to reduced fat accrual. Fat mass was ~25% and 29% lower in the HT group relative to controls after 2 and 3 wk of treatment, respectively. Muscle mass relative to body mass and maximal absolute force of the EDL, but not SOL, were higher in animals exposed to HT. There were no group differences in skeletal muscle capillarization, the expression of angiogenic factors, mitochondrial content, and the diameter of the gracilis arteries. These findings indicate that HT reduces diet-induced fat accumulation and rescues skeletal muscle contractile dysfunction. This practical treatment may prove useful for diabetic and obese PAD patients who are unable to undergo conventional exercise regimens. NEW & NOTEWORTHY The epidemic of obesity-related dyslipidemia and diabetes is a central cause of the increasing burden of peripheral artery disease (PAD), but few accessible therapies exist to mitigate the metabolic and functional abnormalities in these patients. We report that daily exposure to heat therapy (HT) in the form of lower-body immersion in water heated to 39 oC for 3 weeks attenuates fat accumulation and weight gain, and improves muscle strength in obese mice with femoral artery occlusion. Copyright © 2021 the American Physiological Society.
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2021-10-20 13:02