A large-scale internal validation study of unsupervised virtual trichrome staining technologies on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis liver biopsies

Levy, J.J. ✉; Azizgolshani, N.; Andersen, M.J. Jr.; Suriawinata, A.; Liu, X.; Lisovsky, M.; Ren, B.; Bobak, C.A.; Christensen, B.C.; Vaickus, L.J.

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: MODERN PATHOLOGY 0893-3952 1530-0285 34 (4) pp. 808-822 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Pathology and Forensic Medicine: D1
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a fatty liver disease characterized by accumulation of fat in hepatocytes with concurrent inflammation and is associated with morbidity, cirrhosis and liver failure. After extraction of a liver core biopsy, tissue sections are stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) to grade NASH activity, and stained with trichrome to stage fibrosis. Methods to computationally transform one stain into another on digital whole slide images (WSI) can lessen the need for additional physical staining besides H&E, reducing personnel, equipment, and time costs. Generative adversarial networks (GAN) have shown promise for virtual staining of tissue. We conducted a large-scale validation study of the viability of GANs for H&E to trichrome conversion on WSI (n = 574). Pathologists were largely unable to distinguish real images from virtual/synthetic images given a set of twelve Turing Tests. We report high correlation between staging of real and virtual stains (ρ= 0.86 ; 95% CI: 0.84–0.88). Stages assigned to both virtual and real stains correlated similarly with a number of clinical biomarkers and progression to End Stage Liver Disease (Hazard Ratio HR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.36–3.12, p < 0.001 for real stains; HR = 2.02, 95% CI: 1.40–2.92, p < 0.001 for virtual stains). Our results demonstrate that virtual trichrome technologies may offer a software solution that can be employed in the clinical setting as a diagnostic decision aid. © 2020, The Author(s).
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2021-12-07 19:32