Pliocene-Pleistocene stratigraphic paleobiology at Altavilla Milicia (Palermo, Sicily): tectonic, climatic and eustatic forcing

Stefano, Dominici; Marco, Benvenuti; Vittorio, Garilli; Alfred, Uchman; Francesco, Pollina; Arpad, David [Dávid, Árpád (Őslénytan, paleoi...), author]

English Scientific Article (Journal Article)
  • SJR Scopus - Paleontology: Q2
    The integration of sedimentary facies analysis, ichnology and benthic mollusc quantitative paleoecology allowed interpretation of factors that have controlled the deposition of the alluvial to marine succession outcropping in Northwestern Sicily (Southern Italy) at Altavilla Milicia, near Palermo (Imerese Basin). Two main marine units are recognised, labelled CNM and ALT, separated by an angular unconformity and formed by elementary depositional sequences (CNM1-4, ALT1-5). The succession was subdivided by means of calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy into upper Pliocene (Piacenzian: CNM1-4 and ALT1-4) and lower Pleistocene (Gelasian, ALT4-5), covering the onset of the Quaternary glaciation. The main asset of the succession is driven by tectonic compression and accommodation by transpressional faults, a regime that led to a change in the direction of fluvial sediment delivery, from axial (mid-Piacenzian: CNM), to transverse with respect to the basin elongation (upper Piacenzian-Gelasian: ALT). High-frequency eustatic changes drove the formation of elementary depositional sequences, the building blocks of CNM and ALT. During the late Piacenzian, a phase of gradual passage from the mid-Piacenzian warm period to the Quaternary glaciation, bioclastic production was still high, characterising the maximum flooding intervals of the two composite depositional sequences CNM and ALT. Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic lithosomes of both CNM and ALT show a good correlation with shallow marine shell-rich detrital carbonates of Northern and Southern Italy and with Mediterranean deep-water sapropel clusters, suggesting common climatic forcing. Some tropical species thought to disappear from the Mediterranean at around 3.0 Ma, including Pecten bosniasckii, Macrochlamys latissima, Spondylus crassicosta, Lucina orbicularis, Isognomon maxillatus, Crassatina concentrica, Gastrana lacunosa, Callista italica, Circomphalus foliaceolamellosus and Persististrombus coronatus, are present in the upper Piacenzian of Sicily (top of the MN16a Zone and the MN16b/17 Zone of calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy). More data are needed to reconstruct the geographic dimension in the disappearance of the Mediterranean Pliocene macrobenthos with tropical affinities.
    Citation styles: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLCopyPrint
    2021-10-26 15:01