Imaging Markers for the Characterization of Gray and White Matter Changes from Acute to Chronic Stages after Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury

Sinke, Michel R. T. ✉; Otte, Willem M.; Meerwaldt, Anu E.; Franx, Bart A. A.; Ali, Mohamed H. M.; Rakib, Fazle; van, der Toorn Annette; van, Heijningen Caroline L.; Smeele, Christel; Ahmed, Tariq; Blezer, Erwin L. A.; Dijkhuizen, Rick M. ✉

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF NEUROTRAUMA 0897-7151 , 12 p. 2021
  • SJR Scopus - Neurology (clinical): Q1
Despite clinical symptoms, a large majority of people with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) have normal computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Therefore, present-day neuroimaging tools are insufficient to diagnose or classify low grades of TBI. Advanced neuroimaging techniques, such as diffusion-weighted and functional MRI, may yield novel biomarkers that may aid in the diagnosis of TBI. Therefore, the present study had two aims: first, to characterize the development of MRI-based measures of structural and functional changes in gray and white matter regions from acute to chronic stages after mild and moderate TBI; and second, to identify the imaging markers that can most accurately predict outcome after TBI. To these aims, 52 rats underwent serial functional (resting-state) and structural (T1-, T2-, and diffusion-weighted) MRI before and 1 h, 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and 3-4 months after mild or moderate experimental TBI. All rats underwent behavioral testing. Histology was performed in subgroups of rats at different time points. Early after moderate TBI, axial and radial diffusivities were increased, and fractional anisotropy was reduced in the corpus callosum and bilateral hippocampi, which normalized over time and was paralleled by recovery of sensorimotor function. Correspondingly, histology revealed decreased myelin staining early after TBI, which was not detected at chronic stages. No significant changes in individual outcome measures were detected after mild TBI. However, multivariate analysis showed a significant additive contribution of diffusion parameters in the distinction between control and different grades of TBI-affected brains. Therefore, combining multiple imaging markers may increase the sensitivity for TBI-related pathology.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2021-05-13 07:46