Verification of the contribution of the sentinel node concept from the aspect of performance radicality

Daniela, K.; Vladimír, M.; Iveta, M.

Szlovák nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: Zdravotnícke Listy 1339-3022 2644-4909 7 (4) pp. 60-63 2019
    Azonosítók
    Introduction: Currently, the sentinel node concept represents a miniinvasive type of procedure that significantly reduces the extent of invasive surgery in patients. In our study, we focused on verifying the difference in the treatment of breast cancer patients in the sentinel node concept. Objectives: The aim of our research is to compare patients diagnosed with breast cancer with axilla dissection and patients without axilla dissection, who were included in the sentinel node concept in the period from 2010 to 2018. Methods: In our study, we used quantitative research in the form of retrospective data analysis using a non-parametric Mann-Whitney test to verify the degree of statistical significance of differences between the observed patient groups. We processed the data obtained from 431 patients who were operated at the University Hospital Trenčín at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics in Trenčín for breast cancer at the beginning of 2010 and the end of 2018. Out o 431 patients enrolled in the sentinel node concept, 152 patients had to be dissected, they represented 35 % of the patients. Their hospitalization period was shortened (p < 0.001). Based on our results, we can conclude that the sentinel node concept brings with it a benefit for patients in the form of shorter surgery, postoperative patient care without dissection of the axilla is easier, and the length of hospitalization is shorter. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that sentinel lymph node evaluation is a highly sensitive and accurate method in the early stages of breast cancer, which at the same time brings significant benefit to the patient. © 2019 Faculty of Healthcare, Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin. All rights reserved.
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    2021-12-04 15:55