Information transfer through food from parents to offspring in wild Javan gibbons

Yi, Yoonjung; Kim, Yena; Hikmat, Agus; Choe, Jae C. ✉

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 2045-2322 10 (1) Paper: 714 , 9 p. 2020
  • Szociológiai Tudományos Bizottság: B
  • SJR Scopus - Multidisciplinary: D1
    The adaptive functions of food transfer from parents to their offspring have been explained mainly by two mutually non-exclusive hypotheses: the nutritional and informational hypotheses. In this study, we examined the functions of food transfer in wild Javan gibbons (Hylobates moloch) by testing these hypotheses from both infants' and mothers' perspectives. We observed 83 cases of food solicitations that resulted in 54 occasions of food transfers in three groups over a 19-month period in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park, Indonesia. Infants initiated all solicitations directed at their mothers with one solicitation towards a father. Food solicitation rate decreased as infant age increased and ceased before weaning. As predicted by the informational hypothesis, infants solicited more food items difficult to obtain and preferred by their parents. On the contrary to the nutritional hypothesis, infants solicited low-quality items more often than high-quality items. Mothers did not change probability of food transfer according to the food characteristics or infant age. Hence, our results suggest that the primary function of food transfer from mother to infant Javan gibbons seems to be information transfer rather than nutritional aids, similarly to great apes.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-05-08 15:44