The Relationship between Hormones, Glucose, and Oxidative Damage Is Condition and Stress Dependent in a Free-Living Passerine Bird

Vagasi, Csongor I. ✉ [Vágási, István Csongor (Evolúcióbiológia), author] Evolúciós Állattani és Humánbiológiai Tanszék (UD / IBE); Toth, Zsofia [Tóth, Zsófia (ökológia, evolúci...), author] Pál Juhász-Nagy Doctoral School of Biology and ... (UD / TtDt); Evolúciós Állattani és Humánbiológiai Tanszék (UD / IBE); Penzes, Janka; Pap, Peter L. [Pap, Péter László (állatökológia), author]; Ouyang, Jenny Q.; Lendvai, Adam Z. ✉ [Lendvai, Ádám Zoltán (Viselkedésökológia), author] Evolúciós Állattani és Humánbiológiai Tanszék (UD / IBE)

English Article (Journal Article) Scientific
  • SJR Scopus - Animal Science and Zoology: D1
  • Basic medicine
  • Biological sciences
Physiological state is an emergent property of the interactions among physiological systems within an intricate network. Understanding the connections within this network is one of the goals in physiological ecology. Here, we studied the relationship between body condition, two neuroendocrine hormones (corticosterone and insulin-like growth factor 1 [IGF-1]) as physiological regulators, and two physiological systems related to resource metabolism (glucose) and oxidative balance (malondialdehyde). We measured these traits under baseline and stress-induced conditions in free-living house sparrows (Passer domesticus). We used path analysis to analyze different scenarios about the structure of the physiological network. Our data were most consistent with a model in which corticosterone was the major regulator under baseline conditions. This model shows that individuals in better condition have lower corticosterone levels; corticosterone and IGF-1 levels are positively associated; and oxidative damage is higher when levels of corticosterone, IGF-1, and glucose are elevated. After exposure to acute stress, these relationships were considerably reorganized. In response to acute stress, birds increased their corticosterone and glucose levels and decreased their IGF-1 levels. However, individuals in better condition increased their corticosterone levels more and better maintained their IGF-1 levels in response to acute stress. The acute stress-induced changes in corticosterone and IGF-1 levels were associated with an increase in glucose levels, which in turn was associated with a decrease in oxidative damage. We urge ecophysiologists to focus more on physiological networks, as the relationships between physiological traits are complex and dynamic during the organismal stress response.
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2023-03-29 08:22