Maladaptive Rumination Mediates the Relationship between Self-Esteem, Perfectionism, and Work Addiction: A Largescale Survey Study

Kun, Bernadette ✉ [Kun, Bernadette (Pszichológia), szerző] Klinikai Pszichológia és Addiktológia Tanszék (ELTE / PPK / Pszich_Int); Urban, Robert [Urbán, Róbert (Pszichológia), szerző] Személyiség- és Egészségpszichológiai Tanszék (ELTE / PPK / Pszich_Int); Bothe, Beata [Bőthe, Beáta (Pszichológia), szerző]; Griffiths, Mark D.; Demetrovics, Zsolt [Demetrovics, Zsolt (Addiktológia), szerző] Klinikai Pszichológia és Addiktológia Tanszék (ELTE / PPK / Pszich_Int); Kokonyei, Gyongyi [Kökönyei, Gyöngyi (Egészségpszichológia), szerző] Gyógyszerhatástani Intézet (SE / GYTK); SE-NAP 2 Genetikai Agyi Képalkotó Migrén Kutató... (SE / GYTK / GYHATAS)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
  • SJR Scopus - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis: Q2
Azonosítók
Background: Empirical evidence suggests that low self-esteem and high perfectionism are significant personality correlates of work addiction, but the mechanisms underlying these relationships are still unclear. Consequently, exploring cognitive mechanisms will help to better understand work addiction. For instance, rumination is one of the under-researched topics in work addiction, although it may explain specific thinking processes of work-addicted individuals. The purpose of the study was to test the mediating role of maladaptive rumination (i.e., brooding) in the relationship between personality and addiction. Methods: In a largescale cross-sectional, unrepresentative, online study, 4340 adults with a current job participated. The following psychometric instruments were used: Work Addiction Risk Test Revised, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, and Ruminative Response Scale. Results: It was found that self-oriented perfectionism, socially prescribed perfectionism, and self-esteem had both direct and indirect relationships with work addiction via the mediating effect of maladaptive rumination. The two paths involving brooding explained 44% of the direct relationship. Conclusions: The study demonstrated that brooding type of rumination as a putatively maladaptive strategy explains why individuals characterized by low self-esteem and high perfectionism may have a higher risk of work addiction. The results suggest that cognitive-affective mechanisms in work addiction are similar to those found in other addictive disorders.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2022-01-25 04:00