Whole-brain helical tomotherapy with integrated boost for brain metastases in patients with malignant melanoma - final results of the BRAINRT trial

Hauswald, H. ✉; Bernhardt, D.; Krug, D.; Katayama, S.; Habl, G.; Bermejo, J.L.; Debus, J.; Sterzing, F.

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: CANCER MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH 1179-1322 11 pp. 4669-4676 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Oncology: Q3
Background: Patients with multiple brain metastases (BMs) from malignant melanoma have a poor prognosis. Recent developments in radiation techniques allow simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) concepts while sparing organs at risk. Data on conventional versus dose-escalated radiation approaches in multiple BMs from malignant melanoma are warranted. Methods: In this prospective, single-center, randomized two-armed study (trial ID: DRKS00005127), patients with multiple BMs from malignant melanoma were treated with either conventional whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) applying 30 Gy in 10 fractions (standard arm) or helical tomotherapy applying 30 Gy to the whole brain with an integrated boost to metastases of 50 Gy in 10 fractions and sparing of the hippocampus (HA-WBRT, experimental arm). The primary endpoint was treatment-related toxicity, while secondary endpoints were imaging response, intracerebral progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and quality of life. Results: The study was stopped early due to slow patient recruitment. A total number of 7 patients were enrolled (standard arm n=3, experimental arm n=4), and were followed-up for a median time of 5 months between August 2013 and July 2017. All patients were treated according to protocol. The median OS, intracerebral PFS and follow-up time were 5 months, 2 months and 5 months, respectively. The local control in every individual BM was significantly longer in the experimental versus the standard arm. No patient developed radiation-related high-grade toxicities. Conclusion: HA-WBRT with SIB results in improved local control in the individual melanoma BMs without radiation-associated high-grade toxicities. Survival times were comparable to published data. © 2019 Hauswald et al.
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2022-05-24 17:17