Whole brain irradiation in mice causes long-term impairment in astrocytic calcium signaling but preserves astrocyte-astrocyte coupling

Institoris, A.; Murphy-Royal, C.; Tarantini, S. [Tarantini, Stefano (népegészségtan, g...), author] Department of Public Health (SU / FM / I); Yabluchanskiy, A.; Haidey, J.N.; Csiszar, A. [Csiszar, Anna (Orvostudomany), author]; Ungvari, Z. [Ungvári, Zoltán István (Orvostudomány, él...), author] Department of Public Health (SU / FM / I); Gordon, G.R. ✉

English Scientific Article (Journal Article)
  • SJR Scopus - Complementary and Alternative Medicine: D1
    Whole brain irradiation (WBI) therapy is an important treatment for brain metastases and potential microscopic malignancies. WBI promotes progressive cognitive dysfunction in over half of surviving patients, yet, the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Astrocytes play critical roles in the regulation of neuronal activity, brain metabolism, and cerebral blood flow, and while neurons are considered radioresistant, astrocytes are sensitive to γ-irradiation. Hallmarks of astrocyte function are the ability to generate stimulus-induced intercellular Ca2+ signals and to move metabolic substrates through the connected astrocyte network. We tested the hypothesis that WBI-induced cognitive impairment associates with persistent impairment of astrocytic Ca2+ signaling and/or gap junctional coupling. Mice were subjected to a clinically relevant protocol of fractionated WBI, and 12 to 15 months after irradiation, we confirmed persistent cognitive impairment compared to controls. To test the integrity of astrocyte-to-astrocyte gap junctional coupling postWBI, astrocytes were loaded with Alexa-488-hydrazide by patch-based dye infusion, and the increase of fluorescence signal in neighboring astrocyte cell bodies was assessed with 2-photon microscopy in acute slices of the sensory-motor cortex. We found that WBI did not affect astrocyte-to-astrocyte gap junctional coupling. Astrocytic Ca2+ responses induced by bath administration of phenylephrine (detected with Rhod-2/AM) were also unaltered by WBI. However, an electrical stimulation protocol used in long-term potentiation (theta burst), revealed attenuated astrocyte Ca2+ responses in the astrocyte arbor and soma in WBI. Our data show that WBI causes a long-lasting decrement in synaptic-evoked astrocyte Ca2+ signals 12–15 months postirradiation, which may be an important contributor to cognitive decline seen after WBI. © 2020, American Aging Association.
    Citation styles: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLCopyPrint
    2022-01-17 23:19