Detecting early Hungarians’ migration from the Ural-region to the Carpathian Basin through genetic connections between and within their burial sites

Bea, Szeifert [Szeifert, Bea (archeogenetika), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (BTK); Genetikai Tanszék (ELTE / TTK / Bio_I); Veronika, Csáky [Csáky, Veronika (Archeogenetika), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (BTK); Dániel, Gerber [Gerber, Dániel (archeogenetika), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (BTK); Balázs, Gusztáv Mende [Mende, Balázs Gusztáv (paleoantropológia), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (BTK); Attila, Türk [Türk, Attila (Régészet), szerző] Történettudományi Intézet (BTK); Magyar Őstörténeti és Honfoglalás Kori Régészet... (PPKE / BTK / RTI); Balázs, Egyed [Egyed, Balázs (Igazságügyi genetika), szerző] Genetikai Tanszék (ELTE / TTK / Bio_I); Anna, Szécsényi-Nagy [Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna (Biológia), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (BTK)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Absztrakt / Kivonat (Könyvrészlet)
    Around 895 AD new people appeared in the Carpathian Basin: the Hungarians. According to our current knowledge the first relics from archaeological cultures that are most probably connected with the early Hungarians were found in the Central and Southern Urals. The Hungarians migrated westwards from here through the Middle-Volga region and the East-European steppe, until they arrived in the Carpathian Basin. Medieval anthropological remains (more than 120 burials, 17 burial sites, grouped in 7 populations) from the principal sites of the presumed movement route were analysed by our research team using archaeogenetic methods. The studied populations have diverse geographic origins (Ural region, Volga-Kama region) and represent different time periods (5-14th century AD), but they have archaeological or geographical connection with each other and the early Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin (Hungarian Conquerors). Between many of the examined sites we see archaeological parallels, e.g. typical jewelleries or uralic type ceramic. In contrast, at some of the studied sites only a few archaeological findings have been excavated. We analysed maternal lineages based on whole mitochondrial DNA sequence and paternal relations based on Y-chromosomal information (short tandem repeats, single nucleotide polymorphism). Some observed maternal lineages (e.g. A12a, N1a1a1a1a, T2d1 haplogroups) showed close or direct maternal relations between the tested populations and even connected them to the Hungarian Conquerors in the Carpathian Basin. We observed that archaeological finds also connect these individuals. In the studied populations we identified in different proportions one Y chromosome subhaplogroup (N1a-Z1936), which is associated with modern day Ugric groups and in line with mitochondrial DNA data also links together the studied populations. Based on these results, the archaeogenetics may in some cases able to fill gaps in archaeological records. This research was funded by the Árpád dynasty program (IV.2 subproject) and the Thematic Excellence Programme of the NRDI Office.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2022-01-23 01:39