Saliva as a Candidate for COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing: A Meta-Analysis

Czumbel, Laszlo Mark [Czumbel, László Márk (Fogorvos), szerző] Orálbiológiai Tanszék (SE / FOK); Kiss, Szabolcs [Kiss, Szabolcs (Gasztroenterológi...), szerző] Klinikai Orvostudományi Doktori Iskola (SZTE / DI); Transzlációs Medicina Intézet (PTE / ÁOK); Farkas, Nelli [Borbásné Farkas, Kornélia (Membránbiokémia, ...), szerző] Transzlációs Medicina Intézet (PTE / ÁOK); Mandel, Ivan [Mandel, Iván (Parodontológia), szerző] Fogászati és Szájsebészeti Klinika (PTE / ÁOK); Hegyi, Anita; Nagy, Akos [Nagy, Ákos Károly (Orálbiológia), szerző] Fogászati és Szájsebészeti Klinika (PTE / ÁOK); Lohinai, Zsolt [Lohinai, Zsolt (Konzerváló fogászat), szerző] Konzerváló Fogászati Klinika (SE / FOK); Szakacs, Zsolt [Szakács, Zsolt (Transzlációs Medi...), szerző] Transzlációs Medicina Intézet (PTE / ÁOK); Hegyi, Peter [Hegyi, Péter (Gasztroenterológia), szerző] Transzlációs Medicina Intézet (PTE / ÁOK); Steward, Martin C. [Steward, Martin Charles (Élettan), szerző] Orálbiológiai Tanszék (SE / FOK); Varga, Gabor ✉ [Varga, Gábor (Élettan, orálbiol...), szerző] Orálbiológiai Tanszék (SE / FOK)

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE 2296-858X 7 Paper: 465 , 10 p. 2020
  • SJR Scopus - Medicine (miscellaneous): Q1
  • Debrecen Venture Catapult Program(EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00022) Támogató: EFOP
  • (GINOP-2.3.2-15-2016-00048)
  • EFOP(EFOP-3.6.2-16-2017-00006) Támogató: EFOP
  • Metaanalízis
Background:COVID-19 is a serious and potentially deadly disease. Early diagnosis of infected individuals will play an important role in stopping its further escalation. The present gold standard for sampling is the nasopharyngeal swab method. However, several recent papers suggested that saliva-based testing is a promising alternative that could simplify and accelerate COVID-19 diagnosis. Objectives:Our aim was to conduct a meta-analysis on the reliability and consistency of SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA detection in saliva specimens. Methods:We have reported our meta-analysis according to the Cochrane Handbook. We searched the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and clinical trial registries for eligible studies published between 1 January and 25 April 2020. The number of positive tests and the total number of tests conducted were collected as raw data. The proportion of positive tests in the pooled data were calculated by score confidence-interval estimation with the Freeman-Tukey transformation. Heterogeneity was assessed using theI(2)measure and the chi(2)-test. Results:The systematic search revealed 96 records after removal of duplicates. Twenty-six records were included for qualitative analysis and 5 records for quantitative synthesis. We found 91% (CI 80-99%) sensitivity for saliva tests and 98% (CI 89-100%) sensitivity for nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) tests in previously confirmed COVID-19 patients, with moderate heterogeneity among the studies. Additionally, we identified 18 registered, ongoing clinical trials of saliva-based tests for detection of the virus. Conclusion:Saliva tests offer a promising alternative to NPS for COVID-19 diagnosis. However, further diagnostic accuracy studies are needed to improve their specificity and sensitivity.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2024-07-12 22:19