Multi-taxon inventory reveals highly consistent biodiversity responses to ecospace variation

Brunbjerg, Ane Kirstine ✉; Bruun, Hans Henrik; Dalby, Lars; Classen, Aimee T.; Flojgaard, Camilla; Froslev, Tobias G.; Hansen, Oskar Liset Pryds; Hoye, Toke Thomas; Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Ejrnaes, Rasmus

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: OIKOS 0030-1299 1600-0706 129 (9) pp. 1381-1392 2020
  • SJR Scopus - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics: D1
    Amidst the global biodiversity crisis, identifying general principles for variation of biodiversity remains a key challenge. Scientific consensus is limited to a few macroecological rules, such as species richness increasing with area, which provide limited guidance for conservation. In fact, few agreed ecological principles apply at the scale of sites or reserve management, partly because most community-level studies are restricted to single habitat types and species groups. We used the recently proposed ecospace framework and a comprehensive data set for aggregating environmental variation to predict multi-taxon diversity. We studied richness of plants, fungi and arthropods in 130 sites representing the major terrestrial habitat types in Denmark. We found the abiotic environment (ecospace position) to be pivotal for the richness of primary producers (vascular plants, mosses and lichens) and, more surprisingly, little support for ecospace continuity as a driver. A peak in richness at intermediate productivity adds new empirical evidence to a long-standing debate over biodiversity responses to productivity. Finally, we discovered a dominant and positive response of fungi and insect richness to organic matter accumulation and diversification (ecospace expansion). Two simple models of producer and consumer richness accounted for 77% of the variation in multi-taxon species richness suggesting a significant potential for generalization beyond individual species responses. Our study widens the traditional conservation focus on vegetation and vertebrate populations unravelling the importance of diversification of carbon resources for diverse heterotrophs, such as fungi and insects.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-11-29 16:18