Bioinformatic analysis of brain-specific miRNAs for identification of candidate traumatic brain injury blood biomarkers

O'Connell, Grant C. ✉; Smothers, Christine G.; Winkelman, Chris

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: BRAIN INJURY 0269-9052 1362-301X 34 (7) pp. 965-974 2020
  • SJR Scopus - Developmental and Educational Psychology: Q3
    Background Detection of brain-specific miRNAs in the peripheral blood could serve as a surrogate marker of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Here, we systematically identified brain-enriched miRNAs, and tested their utility as TBI biomarkers in the acute phase of care. Methods Publically available microarray data generated from 29 postmortem human tissues were used to rank 1,364 miRNAs in terms of their degree of brain-specific expression. Levels of the top six ranked miRNAs were then prospectively measured in serum samples collected from 10 Patients with TBI at hospital admission, as well as from 10 controls. Results The top six miRNAs identified in our analysis (miR-124-3p, miR-219a-5p, miR-9-5p, miR-9-3p, miR-137, and miR-128-3p) were enriched 70 to 320-fold in brain relative to other tissues, and exhibited dramatically greater brain specificity compared to several miRNAs previously proposed as biomarkers. Furthermore, their levels were elevated in serum from patients with TBI compared to controls, and could collectively discriminate between groups with 90% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Interestingly, subsequent informatic pathway analysis revealed that their target transcripts were enriched for components of signaling pathways active in peripheral organs involved in common post-TBI complications. Conclusions The six candidate miRNAs identified in this preliminary study have promise as blood biomarkers of TBI, and could also be molecular contributors to systemic physiologic changes commonly observed post-injury.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-04-18 02:10