The appearance of the Linear Pottery Culture (LBK) on Poland territory initiated the
process of neolithization in the area. However, as we will see in this article, this
colonization took place later than previously thought. The stage, which in Poland
is called as the early phase, actually corresponds only to the Fomborn/Ackovy stage
of LBK, and the earliest dating currently indicates around 5350 BC. Due to the small
number of sites from this phase excavated on a large scale in Poland, this stage of
the culture's development is poorly known. The Gwozdziec Project is focused on the
earliest stage of LBK settlement in south-eastern Poland. Excavation at the site was
finished in 2018. Therefore, the article presents preliminary results of interdisciplinary
analyzes, such as research on ceramics, flint production and use, and botanical remains.
They point to various aspects of the economy of these early agricultural communities
and significantly enrich the knowledge of this period in Central Europe. They also
expose the chronological development of the oldest LBK development stage in Poland.