DISCONTINUOUS CRITICAL FUJITA EXPONENTS FOR THE HEAT EQUATION WITH COMBINED NONLINEARITIES

Jleli, Mohamed ✉; Samet, Bessem; Souplet, Philippe

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
  • SJR Scopus - Applied Mathematics: Q1
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
    We consider the nonlinear heat equation u(t) - Delta u = vertical bar u vertical bar(p)+b vertical bar del u vertical bar(q) in (0,infinity) x R-n, where n >= 1, p > 1, q >= 1, and b > 0. First, we focus our attention on positive solutions and obtain an optimal Fujita-type result: any positive solution blows up in finite time if p <= 1+ 2/n or q <= 1+ 1/n+1, while global classical positive solutions exist for suitably small initial data when p > 1 + 2/n and q > 1+ 1/n+1. Although finite time blow-up cannot be produced by the gradient term alone and should be considered as an effect of the source term vertical bar u vertical bar(p), this result shows that the gradient term induces an interesting phenomenon of discontinuity of the critical Fujita exponent, jumping from p = 1+ 2/n to p = infinity as q reaches the value 1 + 1/n+1 from above. Next, we investigate the case of sign-changing solutions and show that if p <= 1 + 2/n or 0 < (q - 1)(np - 1) <= 1, then the solution blows up in finite time for any nontrivial initial data with nonnegative mean. Finally, a Fujita-type result, with a different critical exponent, is obtained for sign-changing solutions to the inhomogeneous version of this problem.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-10-19 02:39