Maternal Genetic Ancestry and Legacy of 10th Century AD Hungarians.

Csősz, A; Szecsenyi-Nagy, A [Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna (Biológia), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (MTA BTK); Csakyova, V [Csáky, Veronika (Archeogenetika), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (MTA BTK); Lango, P [Langó, Péter (Régészet), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (MTA BTK); Bodis, V; Köhler, K [Köhler, Kitti (Régészet), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (MTA BTK); Tomory, G; Nagy, M [Nagy, Melinda (Antropogenetika), szerző]; Mende, BG [Mende, Balázs Gusztáv (paleoantropológia), szerző] Régészeti Intézet (MTA BTK)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 2045-2322 6 Paper: 33446 2016
  • Szociológiai Tudományos Bizottság: B
  • SJR Scopus - Multidisciplinary: D1
The ancient Hungarians originated from the Ural region in today's central Russia and migrated across the Eastern European steppe, according to historical sources. The Hungarians conquered the Carpathian Basin 895-907 AD, and admixed with the indigenous communities. Here we present mitochondrial DNA results from three datasets: one from the Avar period (7(th)-9(th) centuries) of the Carpathian Basin (n = 31); one from the Hungarian conquest-period (n = 76); and a completion of the published 10(th)-12(th) century Hungarian-Slavic contact zone dataset by four samples. We compare these mitochondrial DNA hypervariable segment sequences and haplogroup results with published ancient and modern Eurasian data. Whereas the analyzed Avars represents a certain group of the Avar society that shows East and South European genetic characteristics, the Hungarian conquerors' maternal gene pool is a mixture of West Eurasian and Central and North Eurasian elements. Comprehensively analyzing the results, both the linguistically recorded Finno-Ugric roots and historically documented Turkic and Central Asian influxes had possible genetic imprints in the conquerors' genetic composition. Our data allows a complex series of historic and population genetic events before the formation of the medieval population of the Carpathian Basin, and the maternal genetic continuity between 10(th)-12(th) century and modern Hungarians.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2020-10-20 19:13