A case study of salivary microbiome in smokers and non-smokers in Hungary: analysis by shotgun metagenome sequencing

Wirth, Roland [Wirth, Roland (biofizika), szerző] Biotechnológiai Tanszék (SZTE / TTIK / BI); Maróti, Gergely [Maróti, Gergely (Biomassza alapú e...), szerző]; Mihók, Róbert [Mihók, Róbert (Konzerváló fogász...), szerző] Konzerváló és Esztétikai Fogászati Tanszék (SZTE / FOK); Simon-Fiala, Donát; Antal, Márk [Antal, Márk Ádám (fogorvostudományo...), szerző] Konzerváló és Esztétikai Fogászati Tanszék (SZTE / FOK); Pap, Bernadett; Demcsák, Anett [Nagy-Demcsák, Anett (biológus), szerző] Orálbiológiai és Kísérletes Fogorvostudományi T... (SZTE / FOK); Minarovits, Janos [Minárovits, János (Virológia, dagana...), szerző] Orálbiológiai és Kísérletes Fogorvostudományi T... (SZTE / FOK); Kovács, Kornél L. ✉ [Kovács, Kornél Lajos (élettudományok), szerző] Orálbiológiai és Kísérletes Fogorvostudományi T... (SZTE / FOK); Biotechnológiai Tanszék (SZTE / TTIK / BI)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF ORAL MICROBIOLOGY 2000-2297 12 (1) Paper: 1773067 , 12 p. 2020
  • SJR Scopus - Dentistry (miscellaneous): D1
    Objective To investigate the role of cigarette smoking in disease-development through altering the composition of the oral microbial community. Periodontitis and oral cancer are highly prevalent in Hungary; therefore, the salivary microbiome of smoker and non-smoker Hungarian adults was characterized. Methods Shotgun metagenome sequencing of salivary DNA samples from 22 individuals (11 non-smokers and 11 current smokers) was performed using the Ion Torrent PGMTM platform. Quality-filtered reads were analysed by both alignment-based sequence similarity searches and genome-centric binning. Results Prevotella, Veillonella and Streptococcus were the predominant genera in the saliva of both groups. Although the overall composition and diversity of the microbiota were similar, Prevotella was significantly more abundant in salivary samples of current smokers compared to non-smokers. Members of the genus Prevotella were implicated in the development of inflammatory diseases and oral cancer. The abundance of the genus Megasphaera also increased in current smokers, whereas the genera Neisseria, Oribacterium, Capnocytophaga and Porphyromonas were significantly reduced. The data generated by read-based taxonomic classification and genome-centric binning mutually validated the two distinct metagenomic approaches. Conclusion Smoking-associated dysbiosis of the salivary microbiome in current cigarette smokers, especially increased abundance of Prevotella and Megasphaera genera, may facilitate disease development.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2020-08-03 19:17