Performance and cost-benefit improvements following supplementation with a combination of direct-fed microbials and enzymes to broiler chickens raised with or without ionophores

Wealleans, A.L.; Li, W. ✉; Romero, L.F.; Mathis, G.; Lumpkins, B.

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
  • SJR Scopus - Animal Science and Zoology: Q2
Increased resistance and loss of sensitivity to traditional anticoccidial agents, as well as interest in antibiotic-free rearing programs, has increased the interest in alternative control measures. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effect of aDFM(direct fedmicrobial)/multienzyme product (DFM+XAP, providing 2,000 U/kg xylanase, 200 U/kg amylase, 4,000 U/kg protease and 75,000 cfu/g DFM) on broiler performance and profitability under 2 anticoccidial strategies (vaccination and traditional ionophore therapy). The study dietswere 1) a nutritionally adequate control based on corn/soy/DDGS (PC), 2) a negative control reduced in energy and amino acids (NC), and 3) NC+DFM+XAP. Diets were divided into 2 subgroups, receiving either ionophores from 0 to 43 d (salinomycin 60 g/t) or a coccidial vaccine (Coccivac B) (6 treatments, n=8, 50 male birds/n). Performance was recorded on d 22, 35 and 43. The net value of DFM+XAP inclusion was determined for all treatments. At d 43 reduced BWG and highest FCR were seen in NC birds, regardless of coccidiosis control (P < 0.05). Adding DFM+XAP significantly improved BWG and FCR by 5% (2,087 vs. 1,991 g/bird) and 6% (1.803 vs. 1.906), respectively. In birds receiving vaccine (P < 0.05), resulting in BWG (2,125 g/bird) and FCR (1.772) not statistically different to birds fed PC diets. Across anticoccidial strategies, adding DFM+XAP resulted in 3%BWGimprovement (P < 0.05) as compared to NC. The net value of DFM+XAP addition, compared to PC, was $15.15/ton feed in vaccinated birds and $14.71 in those treated with ionophores. In conclusion, the addition of DFM+XAP to broiler diets significantly improved performance and profitability, regardless of coccidiosis control program, though response was likely to be greater in vaccinated birds. © The Author 2017.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2020-08-08 03:08