Španělská strana na císařském dvoře? K problematice jednoho pojmu z politických dějin

Marek, Pavel

Cseh nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: CESKY CASOPIS HISTORICKY 0045-6187 0862-6111 113 (4) pp. 965-988 2015
  • Történettudományi Bizottság: A
  • SJR Scopus - History: Q2
  • MTMT: 31196097
    The Spanish Faction at the Imperial Court? On the Issues relating to One Concept from Political History PAVEL MAREK This study explores the issues of the political impact of the Hispanic Monarchy on Central European space. By applying historical semantics and emphasizing the use of a comprehensive analysis of primary sources deposited in Czech and foreign archives, also, the author has attempted to clarify the nature of the links connecting the Cent- ral European clients of the Spanish King with their patron. He is primarily interested in whether and under what circumstances these persons could be referred to in terms so favoured by historiography, i.e. „the Spanish Party“, „the Spanish Faction“ at the Imperial Court. Although these terms appear as early as the works of 19th century positivist historians, none of these historians have imbued them with any convincing content, yet. The majority of them were, indeed, content to merely assert that the Spanish Party/Faction was a not too numerous, yet important and powerful grou- ping of zealous Catholics in the circle of and supporting the Spanish envoy at the Imperial Court. Despite the fact that in additon to the Czech terms, they also used its Spanish equivalents facción española and partido español, none of them have paid attention to the question whether these terms were reflected in contemporary do- coments and to what degree could both of these terms be understood as synonymous. The very meaning and the use of the terms facción española and partido espa- ñol in Early Modern Age communications represent one of the principal issues ad- dressed in this current study. Based upon comprehensive archival research it has been established that the application of both above mentioned terms differed sig- nificantly in line with the language, time period and also a concrete court environ- ment. The actual occurrence of the terms Party and Faction at the Imperial Court of the 16th and the early 17th centuries was rather rare. These phrases – Spanish Party/ Faction – only appeared in simplified descriptions of the Court, which originated from the environment of the envoys of the Italian states. The Czech environment used instead the terms „Španiehelé“ and „Hišpáni“, to denote those noblemen who implemented, whether in Vienna or in Prague, the unified Habsburg policy and remained staunch supporters of the Catholic Church. To describe these persons, the Spanish envoys themselves then used terms common for denoting patron-client relationships – servidor aficionado, servidor confidente.
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    2021-05-09 22:21