Background and Objective: Few studies have focused on the epidemiology of peri-menopausal
syndrome, and its prevalence in African women is concerningly high. This study investigated
selected biochemical parameters, hormonal changes, and possible metabolic syndrome
(MetS) in perimenopausal and premenopausal women among Igbo women in Enugu, Southeast
of Nigeria.Methods: This study was conducted between March 2018 and November 2018.
A total of 200 apparently healthy women, comprising 120 perimenopausal women (mean
age 50 years) and 80 premenopausal women (mean age 35 years), living in Enugu, were
randomly recruited for this study. Anthropometric indices (blood pressure, waist circumference,
weight, and height) of these women were measured. Fasting blood samples were collected
and used for measurement of luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E-2), follicle stimulating
hormone (FSH), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and lipid profile using standard methods.
MetS in the perimenopausal and premenopausal women was observed using three different
criteria: the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel 111 (NCEP-ATP
111), the World Health Organization (WHO), and International Diabetes Federation (IDF).
Student's t-test and Chi-square were used to compare continuous and categorical variables.Results:
There were significantly (p<0.05) higher values of blood pressure (systolic and diastolic),
FPG, waist circumference, LH, FSH, total cholesterol, and LDL-C, but significantly
(p<0.05) lower values of estradiol in perimenopausal women as compared to premenopausal
women. The incidence of MetS was higher in perimenopausal women as compared to premenopausal
women in all the three criteria studied.Interpretation and Conclusion: Perimenopausal
women have a higher risk for the development of metabolic syndrome-associated diseases
than premenopausal women.