Low thermal conductivity and high supercooling degree are the two major drawbacks
for microencapsulated phase change materials (MEPCM). To improve thermal performance,
MEPCM have been prepared and characterized using paraffin as the core and various
nanoparticles (graphene, CNT and nano-Ag) doped into melamine urea-formaldehyde as
the shell. Surface morphology and thermal response rate were compared. The results
showed that MEPCM with graphene and nono-Ag doped into shell had good morphology.
Further comparison indicated that MEPCM with shell doped with 0.02% graphene exhibited
the quickest thermal response rate. Based on that, MEPCM with various core/shell ratios
have been prepared and DSC test was conducted. Results showed that supercooling degree
reduces with the decrease of core/shell ratio and the value can be reduced to 0.5
degrees C at the core/shell ratio of 1/2, which is the lowest value in publications
for MEPCM. The present study can provide significant guidance for nanoparticles selection
and core/shell ratio determination for preparation of MEPCM with high thermal response
rate and super low supercooling degree. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.