Physics of runaway electrons in tokamaks

Breizman, Boris N. ✉; Aleynikov, Pavel; Hollmann, Eric M.; Lehnen, Michael

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Összefoglaló cikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: NUCLEAR FUSION 0029-5515 1741-4326 59 (8) Paper: 083001 , 55 p. 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Condensed Matter Physics: D1
    Of all electrons, runaway electrons have long been recognized in the fusion community as a distinctive population. They now attract special attention as a part of ITER mission considerations. This review covers basic physics ingredients of the runaway phenomenon and the ongoing efforts (experimental and theoretical) aimed at runaway electron (RE) taming in the next generation tokamaks. We emphasize the prevailing physics themes of the last 20 years: the hot-tail mechanism of runaway production, RE interaction with impurity ions, the role of synchrotron radiation in runaway kinetics, RE transport in presence of magnetic fluctuations, micro-instabilities driven by REs in magnetized plasmas, and vertical stability of the plasma with REs. The review also discusses implications of the runaway phenomenon for ITER and the current strategy of RE mitigation.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2020-08-12 13:35