A double negative feedback loop between MTORC1 and AMPK kinases guarantees precise autophagy induction upon cellular stress

Holczer, M. [Holczer, Marianna (Biokémia), szerző] Orvosi Vegytani, Molekuláris Biológiai és Patob... (SE / AOK / I); Hajdú, B. [Hajdú, Bence (Biokémia), szerző] Orvosi Vegytani, Molekuláris Biológiai és Patob... (SE / AOK / I); Lőrincz, T. [Lőrincz, Tamás (Biomérnökség, mol...), szerző] Alkalmazott Biotechnológia és Élelmiszertudomán... (BME / VBK); Szarka, A. [Szarka, András (Biokémia, Biotech...), szerző] Alkalmazott Biotechnológia és Élelmiszertudomán... (BME / VBK); Bánhegyi, G. [Bánhegyi, Gábor (Biokémia, molekul...), szerző] MTA-SE Patobiokémiai Kutatócsoport (SE / AOK / I / BMBI / MBT); Orvosi Vegytani, Molekuláris Biológiai és Patob... (SE / AOK / I); Kapuy, O. ✉ [Kapuy, Orsolya (Biokémia), szerző] Orvosi Vegytani, Molekuláris Biológiai és Patob... (SE / AOK / I)

Angol nyelvű Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk) Tudományos
Megjelent: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 1661-6596 1422-0067 20 (22) Paper: 5543 , 17 p. 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Computer Science Applications: Q1
Azonosítók
Támogatások:
  • (EFOP-3.6.3-VEKOP-16-2017-00009)
Szakterületek:
  • Biokémia és molekuláris biológia
Cellular homeostasis is controlled by an evolutionary conserved cellular digestive process called autophagy. This mechanism is tightly regulated by the two sensor elements called mTORC1 and AMPK. mTORC1 is one of the master regulators of proteostasis, while AMPK maintains cellular energy homeostasis. AMPK is able to promote autophagy by phosphorylating ULK1, the key inducer of autophagosome formation, while mTORC1 downregulates the self-eating process via ULK1 under nutrient rich conditions. We claim that the feedback loops of the AMPK–mTORC1–ULK1 regulatory triangle guarantee the appropriate response mechanism when nutrient and/or energy supply changes. In our opinion, there is an essential double negative feedback loop between mTORC1 and AMPK. Namely, not only does AMPK downregulate mTORC1, but mTORC1 also inhibits AMPK and this inhibition is required to keep AMPK inactive at physiological conditions. The aim of the present study was to explore the dynamical characteristic of AMPK regulation upon various cellular stress events. We approached our scientific analysis from a systems biology perspective by incorporating both theoretical and molecular biological techniques. In this study, we confirmed that AMPK is essential to promote autophagy, but is not sufficient to maintain it. AMPK activation is followed by ULK1 induction, where protein has a key role in keeping autophagy active. ULK1-controlled autophagy is always preceded by AMPK activation. With both ULK1 depletion and mTORC1 hyper-activation (i.e., TSC1/2 downregulation), we demonstrate that a double negative feedback loop between AMPK and mTORC1 is crucial for the proper dynamic features of the control network. Our computer simulations have further proved the dynamical characteristic of AMPK–mTORC1–ULK1 controlled cellular nutrient sensing. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2024-07-14 19:33