Uprising the antioxidant power of Argania spinosa L. callus through abiotic elicitation

Lamaoui, Mouna ✉; Chakhchar, Abdelghani; Benlaouane, Raja; El Kharrassi, Youssef; Farissi, Mohamed; Wahbi, Said; El Modafar, Cherkaoui

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: COMPTES RENDUS BIOLOGIES 1631-0691 1768-3238 342 (1-2) pp. 7-17 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous): Q1
    This study was carried out in order to investigate the ability of tissues of Argania spinosa (L.) to undergo unlimited cell divisions by triggering their proliferative potential via callogenesis. Axenic cultures were efficiently established using axillary buds cultured on half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium after 20 min of surface sterilization with sodium hypochlorite 6% (v/v). The highest callus rate was achieved with 1.0 mg L-1 of naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 1.0 mg L-1 of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4D) or similarly with 0.01 mg L-1 of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 1.0 mg L-1 of 2,4D at pH of 5.8, under dark conditions. The results of this study show also a significant increase in the callus's antioxidant power under abiotic pressure induced by NaCl. Catalase (CAT), peroxidase (PO), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were significantly triggered, which protected the cells from the stimulated oxidative stress, under hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) significant release. This reaction favors subsequently the tissue recover process linked to the low abundance of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content. This work proves the efficiency of salt stress in boosting the argan cell's antioxidant status, which could be commercially applied in the field of cells regenerative therapy. (C) 2018 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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    2021-10-17 03:43