Monitoring exercise-induced muscle damage indicators and myoelectric activity during two weeks of knee extensor exercise training in young and old men

Heckel, Zoltán [Heckel, Zoltán (Egészségtudomány), author] Doctoral School of Health Sciences (UP / DS); Atlasz, Tamás [Atlasz, Tamás (Biológia tudományok), author] Department of Sportbiology (UP / TTK / ISSPE); Neurobiology Research Group (UP / SZRC); Tékus, Éva [Tékus, Éva (Sportbiológia), author] Department of Sportbiology (UP / TTK / ISSPE); Kőszegi, Tamás [Kőszegi, Tamás (Orvostudomány), author] Department of Laboratory Medicine (UP / UPMS); Lab-on-a-chip Research Group (UP / SZRC); Laczkó, József [Laczkó, József (Neuro-mechanika, ...), author] Deparment of Informatics and Biorobotics (UP / TTK / IMI); Váczi, Márk ✉ [Váczi, Márk (biomechanika), author] Department of Theory and Practice of Individual... (UP / TTK / ISSPE)

English Scientific Article (Journal Article)
Published: PLOS ONE 1932-6203 14 (11) Paper: e0224866 , 16 p. 2019
  • Pedagógiai Tudományos Bizottság: A
  • Szociológiai Tudományos Bizottság: A nemzetközi
  • SJR Scopus - Multidisciplinary: D1
This study considered the effects of repeated bouts of short-term resistive exercise in old (age: 64.5±5.5 years; n = 10) and young men (age: 25.1±4.9 years; n = 10) who performed six knee extension exercise bouts over two weeks using various markers of exercise-induced muscle damage and electromyographic activity. We found that time-course changes in quadriceps isometric torque, creatine kinase activity, and muscle soreness in the two groups were similar. However, recovery in the acute torque deficit was mediated by more favourable electromyographic activity changes in the young group than in the older adults group. Muscle elastic energy storage and re-use assessed with dynamometry was selectively improved in the young group by the end of the protocol. Serum myoglobin concentration increased selectively in old group, and remained elevated with further bouts, suggesting higher sarcolemma vulnerability and less effective metabolic adaptation in the older adults, which, however, did not affect muscle contractility.
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2021-12-02 09:57