The genus Thymus (Lamiaceae) comprises about 214 species throughout the world, mainly
found in North Africa, Europe, and temperate Asia zone. They are traditionally used
as food additives and folk medicines. This review comprehensively summarizes information
about traditional uses, chemical constituents, and biological activities of this genus
and provides recommendations for future investigations. All information was gathered
from scientific databases including Google Scholar, Sci-Finder, Web of Science, ScienceDirect,
and CNKI. Volatile oils are the most concerned constituents of this genus. Flavonoids,
phenylpropanoids, tannins, organic acids, terpenoids, and phytosterols were also summarized.
This genus plants possessed a variety of activities including antimicrobial, antioxidant,
anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, analgesic, and antidiabetic. In brief, this review will
be helpful to provide valuable data for explorations and create more interests towards
Thymus genus in the future.