Ecological footprint calculation of the Budapest Metropolitan Region in a multi-method perspective

Harangozó, Gábor [Harangozó, Gábor (Környezeti menedz...), szerző] Logisztika és Ellátási Lánc Menedzsment Tanszék (BCE / VGI); Kovács, Zoltán [Kovács, Zoltán (Társadalomföldrajz), szerző] Társadalomföldrajzi Osztály (CSFK / FTI); Szigeti, Cecília [Szigeti, Cecília (Környezet-gazdasá...), szerző] Nemzetközi és Elméleti Gazdaságtan Tanszék (SZE / KGYK); Kondor, Attila Csaba [Kondor, Attila Csaba (Földtudomány), szerző] Társadalomföldrajzi Osztály (CSFK / FTI)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Konferenciaközlemény (Könyvrészlet)
      The main aim of this paper is to analyse the environmental impacts of the transformation of the Budapest Metropolitan Region through the ecological footprint indicator, between 2003 and 2013. Similarly to other major urban agglomerations in East Central Europe, the socio-spatial structure of the Budapest Metropolitan Region has gone through substantial changes since the change of regime, when the movement of younger and more affluent strata from the core city to the suburban zone commenced. According to our hypothesis the quickly growing population of the suburbs, with higher level of consumption has resulted in the reshuffle of the ecological footprint of the urban region. In this study, two methods are used to estimate the ecological footprint of the Budapest Metropolitan Region. The first is a top-down, compound method using regional GDP data as the basis of the calculation. The second is a component-based approach, combining an environmentally extended input-output model with local household consumption data. The second approach also enables us to cover the embedded (in the total life-cycle of goods and services consumed by households) ecological footprint of household consumption. Although the indirect, embedded household footprint decreased by 11% in Hungary between 2003 and 2013, it increased by 6% in Budapest and by 8% in the suburban zone. In the suburban area the growing ecological footprint is mainly the outcome of population growth, in Budapest the major driver of growth is the increasing consumption. The direct household ecological footprint accounted more than double in the suburban zone compared to the respective value in Budapest for 2013. This is mainly due to the higher (and growing, because of the spreading of wood combustion) heating footprint, whereas, there was no significant difference regarding the carbon footprint of the fuels used for vehicles.
      Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
      2021-05-14 12:52