When it was first introduced, the concept of sustainability in the forestry sector
had a narrow focus on sustainable wood production. Since then, this concept has evolved
and it now considers now the three sustainability dimensions (economic, environmental
and social) of the whole forest wood supply chain. The main objective of this study
is then to review assessment and optimization studies that consider the forest wood
supply chain and at least one of the sustainability dimensions. To accomplish this
goal, a total number of 188 papers, published in English-speaking peer-reviewed journals
from 1995 to 2017, were reviewed. These papers have been classified according to the
sustainability dimensions explored, the stakeholder's involvement, the modeling approaches
applied, the supply chain decision levels treated, the uncertainty inclusion, and
case study analyzed. Most of the studies reviewed (84.6%) considered only two sustainability
dimensions: economic (31.9%), environmental (13.8%), or a combination of both (38.8%).
The first study including the three sustainability dimensions was published in 2005.
Most of the studies reviewed (64.9%) focus on the bioenergy industry in Europe and
North America, due to the growing interest in using biomass to substitute fossil fuels
in energy production. The final part of the paper presents the identified specific
features of sustainable forest wood supply chains and discusses a future research
agenda in the area.