Parallel to trends in North America and elsewhere in Europe, the number of large carni-vores
is slowly increasing in Hungary, including within the Bükk National Park (BNP). After
almost a century of absence, the wolf (Canis lupus) re-entered the BNP in 2010, and
human-wolf conflicts of livestock depredation and competition for wild game immediately
followed. Local acceptance is a key factor in successful large carnivore conservation
and coexistence. Utilizing a household questionnaire administered in 3 local villages
and semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders, in this exploratory study we
assessed local attitudes and the suite of demographic, socioeconomic , and cultural
variables which shape them, and their implications towards wolf management in BNP.
Our results are similar to global trends, namely attitudes are varied towards institutions
responsible for wolf management , and towards wolves themselves with Wolf Attitude
Index values ranging from-20 to 22 (M = 0.59, SD = 10.874, n = 51) reflecting positive,
neutral and negative sentiments. We demonstrate that attitudes towards wolves are
largely determined by communication channels concerning wolf knowledge and hunting
orientation. These factors are discussed, along with recommendations towards expanded
research and enhanced coexistence.