The first kidney transplantation was performed in Hungary by András Németh in 1962.
It was a living donor procedure. After many years of silence, organized cadaveric
programs were established in Budapest (1973), Szeged (1979), Debrecen (1991), and
Pécs (1993). The heart program was initiated by Professor Zoltán Szabó in 1992 and
the liver transplant program by Professor Ferenc Perner in 1993. The pancreas transplantation
program was started in Pécs in 1998 by Károly Kalmár-Nagy, followed another in Budapest
by Robert Langer in 2004. The lung transplant program was started in cooperation with
Vienna in 1996. This fruitful collaboration continues today, even though that the
national Hungarian program was established by Ferenc Rényi-Vámos and Professor György
Lang in 2015, as it is detailed in this special issue. As a framework, the Hungarian
Society of Organ Transplantation was founded in 1997 to give a scientific background
for the transplant professionals. The coordination and organ allocation from deceased
donors is carried out in collaboration with Eurotransplant. Usually more than 200
potential cadaveric donors are reported yearly, and 168 actual donation after brain
death (DBD) donors (17.17 pmp) were utilized in 2018. The multiorgan donor rate was
65.5% among all DBDs in 2018; 505 organs were donated for transplant purposes. To
date, more than 10,000 organ transplantations have been performed. The living related
kidney transplant program was established in all transplant centers, led by Budapest.
In this paper the authors summarize the activity of the Hungarian transplant community
and of the Society over the last few decades.