Can the Ecological Price Paid for Economic Growth be Cut

Szigeti, Cecília [Szigeti, Cecília (Környezet-gazdasá...), szerző] Nemzetközi és Elméleti Gazdaságtan Tanszék (SZE / KGYK); Tóth, Gergely [Tóth, Gergely (Közgazdaságtan), szerző] Vállalatökonómiai és Vidékfejlesztési Tanszék (PE / AC-GK / GK); Szabó, Dániel Róbert [Szabó, Dániel Róbert (Marketing, Gazdas...), szerző]

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
    The ecological price of economic growth is a heavily debated issue, where ideologies often neglect factual information. In this paper, through the relationship of the ecological footprint and GDP, we’reexamining the tendencies of eco-efficiency in the first decade of the 21st century. We have concluded that the average ecological footprint intensity of the countries have improved significantly in the given period. In 2009, 50 percent less area was needed to produce a unit of GDP. Many countries could reach the so-called strong decoupling, meaning that in these countries, GDP increased while the ecological footprint decreased in absolute terms. Based on a scientific article published in 2004, and by updating its data, we managed to identify ecologically positive tendencies; in ten years, the average of the world’s ecological footprint intensity has significantly improved, it halved in this period. The methodology was completed with the examination of the phenomena of decoupling; according to the results, in several countries, the GDP growth was accompanied by the reducti on of the ecological footprint. This change is considered to be very positive because it means that the average of the eco-efficiency has greatly improved and 90 percent of the countries started to move forward to the direction of a more sustainable development. But as a word of caution we’d call attention to the limitedness of the applied method; sustainable development is still far from being realized. In many cases, the background of the apparent improvement is provided by money from oil producing, so usually success stories are backed by the growth of the ecological footprint, which actua lly appears in another country. According to our results, by substituting the rounded data into the IPAT formula: during the test period, the population increased by 13%, the GDP per capita increased by 110%, the intensity is reduced by 53%, resulting in a 12% increase of the environmental load. The study deals with the phenomena above, by showing the degree of decoupling of countries of the world.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2020-07-06 23:28