Development of trophoblast cystic structures from human induced pluripotent stem cells in limited-area cell culture

Li, Zhuosi; Kurosawa, Osamu; Iwata, Hiroo

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
  • SJR Scopus - Biochemistry: Q2
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
    We developed a novel engineering technique to induce differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into organoids mimicking the trophectoderm (TE). Here, hiPSCs were cultured on a limited area of 2-4 mm in diameter. After 15-20 days, spherical cysts appeared on the surface of the limited area. Secretion of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) began to increase after -20 days and remained dramatically elevated over the next 20 days. Limited-area-cultured cysts exhibited expression of hCG, which was a result of epithelial differentiation. Low expression levels of pluripotent genes and high expression levels of trophoblast lineage-specific genes were detected in the cells of spherical cysts. Multinucleated syncytia trophoblast was observed in the reseeded cystic cells. We observed hiPSC-derived cysts that morphologically resembled trophectoderm in vivo. The limited-area cell culture induced a three-dimensional (3D) trophectoderm organoid, which has potential for use in the study of human trophoblast differentiation and placental morphogenesis. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2020-08-14 11:09