Post-Variscan metamorphism in the Apuseni and Rodna Mountains (Romania): evidence from Sm-Nd garnet and U-Th-Pb monazite dating

Reiser, Martin Kaspar; Sabau, Gavril; Negulescu, Elena; Schuster, Ralf; Tropper, Peter; Fuegenschuh, Bernhard

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Konferenciaközlemény (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: SWISS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES 1661-8726 1661-8734 112 (1) pp. 101-120 2019
      The Tisza and Dacia mega-units constitute a central part of the Alps-Carpathians-Dinarides orogenic system. Polyphase medium-grade metamorphism observed in mineral assemblages from the crystalline basement is often correlated with Variscan and pre-Variscan events. However, a mid-Cretaceous Sm-Nd garnet age (103.6 +/- 1.8Ma) from the Apuseni Mountains is at odds with this interpretation. Electron-microprobe U-Th-Pb dating of monazite in samples from the Apuseni Mountains, the Rodna Mountains, as well as the Simleu Silvaniei, Ticu and Preluca inselbergs revealed a complex pattern of Alpine and pre-Alpine age clusters. Pre-Variscan and Variscan ages were obtained from the core of zoned monazite grains and from samples that apparently escaped Alpine overprinting. Relic monazite in the latter is often replaced by rhabdophane and/or surrounded by allanite coronas. Permian to Early Triassic monazite ages correlate with the intrusion of granitic melts and pegmatites. Early Cretaceous ages from rims of chemically zoned grains and from monazite inclusions in garnet, biotite and staurolite represent newly formed metamorphic grains that crystallized on the prograde path during Alpine metamorphism. Petrographic observations of prograde allanite breakdown reactions, Sm-Nd garnet analyses and thermobaric estimates (500-550 degrees C/5-8kbar) from parts of the Tisza and Dacia mega-units constrain medium-grade conditions during Early Cretaceous times. Exclusively mid-Cretaceous monazite ages from the inselbergs and the Rebra-Unit of the Rodna Mountains, allow extending the Alpine prograde overprint across the Transylvanian basin. Together with other studies from the basement of the Pannonian basin, this implies that the Dacia Mega-Unit and parts of the Tisza Mega-Unit experienced a medium-grade metamorphic overprint and synkinematic garnet-growth during late Early Cretaceous times. The Alpine prograde medium-grade overprint is pronounced in the contact zone between the Tisza and Dacia mega-units and forms a continuous belt with the Cretaceous metamorphic imprint in the Eastern Alps, when back-rotated to its original position during the Cretaceous.
      Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
      2020-09-25 15:28