Reassessing the Host Defense Peptide Landscape

Haney, Evan F.; Straus, Suzana K.; Hancock, Robert E. W.

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Összefoglaló cikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY 2296-2646 7 Paper: 43 , 22 p. 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Chemistry (miscellaneous): Q1
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
    Current research has demonstrated that small cationic amphipathic peptides have strong potential not only as antimicrobials, but also as antibiofilm agents, immune modulators, and anti-inflammatories. Although traditionally termed antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) these additional roles have prompted a shift in terminology to use the broader term host defense peptides (HDPs) to capture the multi-functional nature of these molecules. In this review, we critically examined the role of AMPs and HDPs in infectious diseases and inflammation. It is generally accepted that HDPs are multi-faceted mediators of a wide range of biological processes, with individual activities dependent on their polypeptide sequence. In this context, we explore the concept of chemical space as it applies to HDPs and hypothesize that the various functions and activities of this class of molecule exist on independent but overlapping activity landscapes. Finally, we outline several emerging functions and roles of HDPs and highlight how an improved understanding of these processes can potentially be leveraged to more fully realize the therapeutic promise of HDPs.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSL
    2019-11-20 18:44