Fungal infection causes changes in the number, morphology and spreading ability of Galleria mellonella haemocytes

Bogus, Mieczyslawa I.; Ligeza-Zuber, Marta; Polanska, Marta A.; Mosiewicz, Maciej; Wloka, Emilia; Sobocinska, Martyna

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: PHYSIOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY 0307-6962 1365-3032 43 (3) pp. 214-226 2018
  • SJR Scopus - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics: Q2
    The most effective and important strategy in the insect immune response is based on cellular reactions incorporating haemocytes. The present study uses Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) as a host to study the pathogenesis caused by the entomopthoralean fungus Conidiobolus coronatus (Entomophthorales). Five types of haemocytes with different morphologies and behaviour are observed in the haemolymph of G. mellonella: granulocytes (GRs), plasmatocytes (PLs), spherulocytes (SPs), oenocytes (OEs) and prohaemocytes (PRs). During in vitro cultivation, three morphological subtypes of PLs are distinguished: flattened PLs, sun-like PLs and oval PLs. In fresh smears of haemolymph observed under phase-contrast microscopy, only flattened PLs are identified. No morphological changes are observed between fresh smears and in vitro cultures for GR, OE, SP and PR. Haemocytes cultured in vitro form a cellular network composed of PLs and GRs. Changes in the numbers, morphology and behaviour of haemocytes induced by fungal infection are compared with those observed in normally-developing untreated larvae. Infection results in a significant drop in the number of haemocyte types. Fresh smears of haemocytes from mycosed larvae reveal malformed OEs, vacuolized PLs and GRs, as well as PLs with apoptotic blebs. Haemocytes from mycosed larvae incubated in vitro look similar, with degranulated GRs and vacuolized PLs forming microaggregations, as well as deformed OEs; only the SPs remain unharmed. Fungal infection impairs the ability of haemocytes to attach and spread on the culture dish. The actin cytoskeleton of haemocytes from mycosed larvae appear disorganized.
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    2020-10-23 04:28